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kamwenge district - uganda



Programming for the Graduating to Resilience project is led by the AVSI Foundation, in consortium with:


Graduating to Resilience at Glimpse

cohort one results Video

Cohort One Story Video


AVSI Foundation, leading a consortium with Trickle Up and AIR (former IMPAQ International) and funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development’s (USAID) Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance (BHA), is implementing the Graduating to Resilience project in the Kamwenge District, in Western Uganda. The goal is to graduate extremely poor refugee households who fled from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Ugandan vulnerable households from conditions of food insecurity and fragile livelihoods to self-reliance and resilience.

The Graduating to Resilience project provides an opportunity to test a combination of elements of the graduation approach for impact and cost-effectiveness, including an alternative which draws specifically on the conclusions from the uniquely Ugandan SCORE model.

With this investment, USAID is signaling its commitment to the cutting edge and ambitious “Refugee and Host Population Empowerment (ReHope) Strategic Framework” led by the Government of Uganda and the UN, in partnership with the World Bank, donors and implementing partners. Officially launched in June 2017, ReHope is “a transformative strategy to bring together a wide range of stakeholders in a harmonized and cohesive manner to ensure more effective programming. It is a response to specific challenges faced in delivering protection and achieving social and economic development for both refugee and host communities.”

impact statement

The AVSI Consortium will tackle the underlying causes of food insecurity with a sustainable, cost-effective adaptation of the Graduation Approach.

  • Graduating to Resilience project aims to:
  • Improve Food Security and Nutrition status of household members.
  • Improve household economic status.
  • Increase resilience of household members and communities.


USAID and implementing partners will gain critical evidence to inform food security and resilience programming in Uganda and regionally, in refugee and other settings. Global organizations such as UNHCR stand to gain immensely about cost effective ways of adapting and scaling up the Graduation Approach as a solution to extreme poverty as we work to meet the Sustainable Development Goals.

illustrative activities

– Household Development Plan
– Delivering core messages about nutrition, parenting, health and hygiene
– Weekly follow-ups and support to households
– Referrals to services

– Savings groups
– Consumption Support
– Asset Transfer
– Market Skills Development training and linkages
– Apprenticeship programs for older youth

– Farmer Field School
– Backyard Gardening demonstrations and start-up support.
– Nutrition screening for children and referrals
– Nutrition education for parents
– Targeted WASH and health interventions

– Project level risk analysis – annual basis
– Household risk analysis by coaches with participants and households
– Households and community level action plans developed and monitored throughout activities


  • 13,200 households will be targeted, using Participatory Wealth  Ranking at the community level
  • 26,400 other individuals directly participating
  • 39,600 household members and neighbors receiving indirect benefits
  • 50% will be refugees of Congolese descent living in Rwamwanja Settlement
  • 50%will be Ugandan households
  • 75% of direct participants will be women
  • 75% of direct participants will be youth


AVSI’s past experience with the Graduation Approach in Uganda demonstrates the power of building pressure for improved services and policies, by working at the level of households and communities to increase knowledge and demand for services and appropriate policies. The use of group methodologies in the Graduation Approach stimulates creative collective action around solutions to commonly faced problems. The AVSI led consortium will facilitate the emergence of creative solutions to these problems and will support them to the extent possible.

The AVSI Consortium will work with 13,200 households in Kamwenge District that are economically active, but chronically unable to meet their basic needs without some form of assistance. Half of the households will be from the host community, and the other half will be from the refugee community, taking into consideration each population’s unique needs. Households will be divided into two cohorts, allowing for a rigorous evaluation to be carried out by an external agency contracted separately from this Activity by USAID. Each cohort will participate in the Graduation Activity for 30 months.

Three treatment variations will be tested in parallel during cohort 1:

1) Standard Adapted Model
2) Group Coaching Model
3) Empowerment Model

Specific details of each treatment will be decided during the first year.

graduation approach

The Graduating to Resilience project will adapt the Standard Graduation Approach, developed by BRAC, to the Ugandan context to address the underlying causes of food insecurity and vulnerability to shocks and stresses, in a sustainable and cost effective way.

This diagram offers a simplified look of the the standard Graduation Approach.

COHORT 1 overview and results

By the end of the 30-month intervention period, the overall graduation rate is 73% of the nearly 5,000 households for whom a complete data set is available, using the original threshold of meeting the Graduation Criteria at least three times consecutively. In addition, 23% of the participating households are making steady progress towards graduation. Only 5% of households (217 in total) remain in conditions of food insecurity and dependence.  

When comparing the three treatment arms, participants in the first and second arms performed nearly as well, with treatment arm 3 close behind. Even though progression to the final result was slower, refugee households performed just as well as the host community. 

Additional results by component: 

  • Food Security and Nutrition
    • 96% achieved minimum meal frequency for children 6-23 months
    • 91% prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding of children under six months
    • 98% of household’s meals contained the 3 food groups in the last week
  • Livelihoods, Agriculture, and Basic Needs
    • 96.2% of participants diversified their businesses
    • 5,008 participating households can meet basic needs
    • 4,862 households are using climate information or implementing risk-reducing actions to improve resilience to climate change
    • 95.3% of households access improved agricultural inputs
  • Village Savings and Loan Association (VSLA)
    • $934,735 and $876,332 cumulative savings and loans, respectively, from 266 VSLA groups and 5,578 participants with an average household savings of $167 (603,271 UGX).
  • Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene
    • 92.4% of households have soap and water at a handwashing station
    • 97% of households practice correct use of recommended household water treatment technologies
  • Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment
    • 97.4% of females reported increased self-efficacy at the conclusion cohort one
    • 46.4% of participants reported GBV as less acceptable after participating in Graduating to Resilience
    • 93.6% of women in union report participating in decisions about the use of self-earned cash
    • 94.2% of women in union report participating in decisions about the use of a spouse/ partner’s self-earned cash

training events

On September 25-29, 2023, AVSI conducted a five-day Graduation Approach training with more than 70 participants across AfricaThe meeting’s objectives were for participants to:

• Learn about the Graduation Approach, its key features, components, and measurements.

• Share the Graduation Approach implementation experiences from both humanitarian and development contexts.

• Share results of the Graduation Approach model.

• Appreciate and scale the Graduation Approach in various contexts.

• Connect to resources – communities of practice and resource materials.

Story of Francis: #internationalYouthday

This #InternationalYouthDay, we celebrate the hard-working “1.2 billion young people aged 15 to 24 years, a 16% of the global population!” (United Nations) Today we tell you the story of Francis, a remarkable young man who at 15 lost both of his parents. He was forced to drop out of school, leave his home, & struggled to find work. Thanks to #GraduatingtoResilience his life was transformed; now at 30, he has a steady income and hopes to start a family. Read his entire story below.
#Uganda: Francis Baguma had a dream: to live a normal life. Why? Because at only 15 his life was tough: family financial setbacks, poor health, the death of both of his parents, & irregular school attendance (dropping out). Francis left his village to look for a job in #Kampala, but being so young & uneducated, it was impossible. Soon he returned home with dimmed hope.
The stars aligned & Francis enrolled in the USAID – US Agency for International Development #GraduatingtoResilience Activity. Francis decided to try farming, taking advantage of the #training in #agronomy provided by his coach, Stella. He also joined the Village Saving & Loans group, where he made weekly contributions using a portion of his program monthly consumption support.
His backyard is now a #banana, #groundnuts, #maize, #beans, & #sweetpotato plantation- a source of food & income. His #financialtraining enabled him to save enough to buy a plot of land & build home. And a $300 cash transfer allowed him to start a goat rearing #business with 6 goats.
Now 30 & with a steady income, Francis has surpassed his dreams: with a home & soon to start his own family, & with skills to continue a promising future.
Let’s continue to prioritize our young- for they are our future!


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